Nepalese citizens are also known as Gurkha or Gorkhali. Nepal’s population is about 25 millions. Nepal is a diverse and multi-ethnic country where, 69 different cultural, more than 90 languages and ethnicity. Mostly each ethnic group has their own unique costumes, speak their own languages or dialects, and follow their own religious practices. The majority of the peoples are the Indo-Aryans from the south and the remainder is of Mongoloid origin from the north. The Bramhins, Newars, Rais, Limbus, Kshytriyas, Tamangs, Thakuris, Tharus, Dhimals, Yadavs, Sherpas, Gurungs, Magars, Thakalis are some of the major sects of Nepalese Society. Visiting Nepali villages is like visiting an open air history museum.
The official language of Nepal is “Nepali”. Nepali language is a mother tongue (first language) in Nepal which is spoken and understood by majority of the population. But various ethnic groups have their own mother tongues like: Maithili, Tharu, Newari, Bhojpuri, Gurrung, Tamang, Rai, Limbu, Magar, Bhote. English is also spoken and understood by people in most urban centers.
“Namaste”-(as a tradition salute) the common form of greeting each other in Nepal, which means in “I salute the divine in you” Which is widely used in the most part of country. Nepal is also known as a land of Festivals and rituals. More than 50 festivals celebrated in Nepal throughout the year. Vijaya Dashami, Deepawali, Buddha Purnima, Lhosar festivals have national significance. There are some festivals which have historical significance and others are seasonal celebrations. Nepalese people believe that, festivals have brought unity in the evident diversity In Nepal, Culture finds beautiful expressions in a number of fields such as religion, art and music, socio-religious festivals, temples, pagodas, intricate wood carvings, bronze and stone sculptors of great beauty represent the heritage of world fame.The largest portion is Hindu accounting for about 80 % of the population, approximately 11 percent people are Buddhhists, 10 % Muslim, 4 % Kirat; and the rest are the other religion followers like Christians. However Nepal has number of religious group they always live in peace and harmony. There is not any record of religious conflict in Nepal yet. Nepal holds so many culture and each of the culture gives us the true motive of existing.
Nepal is a third world country with a majority of the population striving for a better life. Nepalese people are involved in their traditional occupation agriculture. 76% percent of total population are belongs to traditional agriculture system as their main source of economy and rest of the other percent are depend on cottage industries, general manufactures, goods trading, government officials, hospitality tourism and others.
Nepal have many different backgrounds and ethnicities, and this multitude of influences is reflected within the country’s cuisine. Nepalese food is not only rich in its taste but reflects the wide variety of culture and traditions. Nepalese people’s food habit can be marked as a rice culture social adoption. Nepalese main course of meal known as Dal-Bhat-Tarkari and it is habitual way of twice a day but Newari,Thakali ,Dhido, Sel Roti,Sukuti, Yak Cheese, Mo:Mo, Ju-Ju dhau (King of Curd) etc. are also famous dish in Nepal.