Mountains are very beautiful and physical dream of the land. Nepal is known as land of Himalayas all over the world. Nepal is home to some of the world’s most iconic peaks. Nepal has 8 out of 10 highest peaks in the world including Mount Everest also 9% mountain region occupying of Nepal’s total land as well as consists of more than 80 peaks that exceed 7,000 meters height. The Himalayas of the country are the major sources of many rivers and glaciers and play an important role in the country’s economy as well additionally, Base camp trekking journeys in Nepal are famous all over the world Nepal’s largest generator of revenue in the tourism and trekking business.
1. Mount Everest- the highest mountain peak
Mt Everest is known as “Sagarmatha”(Mother of the Universe) in Nepal. It is also known by the Tibetan name “Chomolangma” (Goddess Mother of the Snows). It is located in Solukhumbu District which is Part of the Khumbu Mahalangur Himalayan Range and China (Tibet) border. The Khumbu is also famous for being a prime Sherpa settlement. The Sherpa people of Nepal are renowned as the best mountain climbers. Trek to Everest base camp is mystique derived from its soaring giant, ever panoramic peaks and the extreme adventures of legendary mountaineers.
Mount Everest summit stands at 8848 meters (29,029 ft) above sea level (30 Shards), but is growing at 4mm each year as a result of tectonic plate movement. Base Camp is located at 5380m, ~3500m below the peak. Average age of climbers is 34.There is ~60% less oxygen than at sea level. Mount Everest was first climbed in 1953 by a New Zealand mountaineer- Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa who was his Nepali Sherpa companion.
2. Kanchenjunga- Five Treasures of the Great Snow
Kanchenjunga is the third-highest mountain in the world. The word “Kanchenjunga” comes from Tibet. It roughly translates to “five repositories of great snow”. Kanchenjunga summit stands at 8,586 meters. This is one of the most remote trekking regions which is situated in Eastern Nepal bordering the Indian state of Sikkim. It is situated at 125 kilometers south-east of Mount Everest. This area houses Snow Leopard, National bird of Nepal,Musk Deer, Blue Sheep and maybe legendary Yeti. Kanchenjunga was first climbed on 25th May, 1995 by Joe Brown and Gorge Band.
Mt. Lhotse is the fourth highest mountain in the world. Mt. Lhotse better known as “south peak”. It is situated at the border of Tibet and Nepal. It is comprised of three prominent peaks- the main summit elevations is 8,516 meters, The Lhotse Shar 8383m and The Lhotse Middle or East 8413m. Lhotse Main was first climbed in 1956 by Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger and Lhotse Shar was first climbed on December 5, 1979 by Sepp Mayerl and Rolf Walter. However the Lhotse Middle is remained unclimbed for a long time, until in 2001.
4. Mount Makalu
Mount Makalu elevations is 8,481 meters (27,766 ft). This mountain is the fifth highest mountain in the world. It is an isolated peak that lies 14 miles (22 kilometers) southeast of Mount Everest on the border between China and Nepal. The mountain is not often climbed and it is considered one of the most difficult mountains in the world to climb, as only five of its first sixteen attempts were successful.
This mountain is located in The Khumbu region which is a part of the Makalu Mahalangur Himalayan range.Mount Makalu is the beautiful Makalu-Barun Valley. Makalu is located in the Sankhuwasabha district of Nepal.Mount Makalu lies entirely inside the Makalu Barun National Park. Enclosed in the park are about 3,128 different species of flowering plants, the Asian golden cat, snow leopard and the red panda and nearly 440 species of birds. This valley has a unique landscape that shelters some of the last unsullied mountain ecosystems on the planet. Mount Makalu was first climbed on May 15, 1955 by Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy.
5. Mount Cho Oyu
Mount Cho Oyu elevations 8,188 meters (26,864 Ft) above sea leve.This is the World’s sixth-highest mountain. The mountain’s name has Tibetan origins and the word ‘Cho Oyu’ means ‘Turquoise Goddess’, This mountain is situated between China and Nepal which is 20 km to the west of Mount Everest and this mountain acts like a natural border between the two countries. Mount Cho Oyu was first climbed on Oct. 19, 1954 by Herbert Tichy, Sepp Jöchler, and Pasang Dawa Lama. The Mountain also makes up a part of the glaciated High Pass mainly used for trading by the Tibetan and Nepali traders.